If you have diabetes this does not necessarily mean that your sight will be affected, but there is a higher risk. If your diabetes is well controlled then you are less likely to have problems, or they may be less serious.
Why are regular eye examinations important?
Most sight loss from diabetic retinopathy can be prevented but it is vital that it is diagnosed early. You may not realize that there is anything wrong with your eyesight, so regular eye checks are extremely important.
How can diabetes affect the eye?
Your eye has a lens and an aperture (opening) at the front, which
adjusts to bring objects into
focus on the retina at the back of the
eye. The retina is made up of delicate tissue that is sensitive
light, rather like the film in the camera.
The Importance of Early Treatment
Although your vision may be good, changes can be taking place to your retina that need treatment. And because most sight loss in diabetes is preventable:
Your family doctor, diabetologist or optometrist can examine for diabetic retinopathy.
are sometimes used to detect
abnormalities without any other form of test. If a problem is found
will be referred to a consultant ophthalmologist (a doctor specializing in eyes) at a hospital eye clinic.
What is the Treatment?
Most sight-threatening diabetic problems can be prevented by laser treatment if it is given early enough. It is important to realize however, that laser treatment aims to save the sight you have - not to make it better. The laser, a beam of high intensity light, can be focused with extreme precision. So the blood vessels that are leaking fluid into the retina can be sealed.
- Information provided by the American Optometric Association -